Ash

The ash is a fine, tall, upstanding member of the tree community. The main trunk reaches a point where it divides in to many branches that go upwards rather than stretching outwards. They are usually found in clusters too, rather than as occasional loan trees like the oak. It is a widely distributed tree across the country and can be found extensively in Dorset.It is one of the last to get its leaves in spring and yet one of the earliest to shed its leaves in autumn. There is an old country saying 'Oak before ash, in for a splash; ash before oak, in for a soak' so beware if the oak comes in to leaf first!Close up the bark has a distinctive ashen colouring. In its early years the bark is fairly smooth and has a more greyish green appearance but as the tree matures with age so these irregular ridged patterns form and the grey ashen colour becomes more distinctive.In cross section the trunk is far lest dominated by age rings, which are light coloured rather than dark and the wood is a light tan colour. Ash is commonly harvested as it is used for tennis rackets, billiard cues, hockey sticks, oars, hurdles, tent pegs, tool handles and furniture.The flowers appear well before the leaves from dark black buds that can be seen on the twigs almost all winter. The flowers turn in to splendid clusters of brown keys which often stay on the tree all winter and then fall to the ground in spring as the new flowers appear. The wind will then disperse them thanks to that wing each has.The twigs have the definite nobly appearance and tend to have a greenish tinge to them. 

Species Detail
Common Name Ash
Alternative Name
Scientific Name Fraxinus excelsior
Family Deciduous Trees
Species Reference blamey 388.1
Interest
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Status
Months
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ID Notes
Species Photos

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Bud

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Flower

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Seed

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Twig

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Cross section

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Bark

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Seed

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Bark

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Profile winter

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Species Distribution

These are nature reserves and wildlife hot-spots where I have recorded this species

Stanpit Marsh Local Nature Reserve

BCP Council, Local Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Kinson Common Local Nature Reserve

BCP Council, Local Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Turbary Common Local Nature Reserve

BCP Council, Local Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
1

Millhams Mead Local Nature Reserve

BCP Council, Local Nature Reserve
3

Stour Valley Local Nature Reserve

BCP Council, Local Nature Reserve
3

Hatch Pond Local Nature Reserve

BCP Council, Local Nature Reserve
2

Godlingston Heath National Nature Reserve

National Trust, National Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Badbury Rings Hill Fort

National Trust
5

Corfe Castle Mound and River

Ringstead Bay and Burning Cliff

National Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Hod Hill

National Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Holmebridge

Open Access
3

Duncliffe Wood

Woodland Trust
2

Wareham Forest (Carey Heath)

Forestry, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Hethfelton Wood

Forestry
5

Trailway (Sturminster Newton)

Tynham and Worbarrow Bay

Other Conservation Organisation, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Moreton Heath

Forestry
3

Oakers Wood and Bog

Forestry, Site of Scientific Interest
4

Ringmoor and Turnworth Down

Wilkswood (Langton West Wood)

Ashmore Wood

Forestry, National Trust
2

Durlston Country Park

Dorset Council, National Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Garston Wood Nature Reserve

Middlebere Farm

National Trust
4

Higher Hyde Heath Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Bere Wood

Forestry
3

Stonehill Down Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
4

Bestwall Marsh and Swineham

Open Access, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Corfe Castle Common

National Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Purbeck Ridge (Corfe East Hill)

Morden Bog National Nature Reserve

National Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
4

Lytchett Bay and Turlin Moor Local Nature Reserve

BCP Council, Dorset Wildlife Trust, Local Nature Reserve, RSPB, Site of Scientific Interest
4

Upton Country Park

BCP Council
4

Brownsea Island

Dorset Wildlife Trust, National Trust, National Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Ballard Down

National Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Troublefield Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
3

Shapwick

Open Access
2

Deadmoor Common

Open Access, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Melbury Park

Open Access, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Hambledon Hill National Nature Reserve

National Trust, National Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
1

South Poorton Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
2

Powerstock Common Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Kingcombe Meadows Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
4

Bracketts Coppice Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
4

Holway Woods Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
3

Hendover Coppice Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
1

Nunnery Mead Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
3

Brooklands Farm Conservation Centre

Dorset Wildlife Trust
2

Haydon Hill Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
2

Lorton Meadows Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
4

Sovell Down Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
4

Ashley Wood Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
4

Greenhill Down Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
4

Piddles Wood Nature Reserve

Site of Scientific Interest
4

Girdlers Coppice Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Fontmell Down Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust, National Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
5

Hog Cliff National Nature Reserve

National Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Hilfield Hill Nature Reserve

Dorset Council, Local Nature Reserve
3

Milldown Nature Reserve

Dorset Council
3

Stour Meadows Nature Reserve

Woolland Hill

Open Access
2

Lydlinch Common

Open Access, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Moors Valley Country Park

Dorset Council
3

Kingston Lacey House and Gardens

Stokeford Heath

Open Access, Site of Scientific Interest
4

Tout Quarry Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Delph Wood

BCP Council
3

Fifehead Wood Nature Reserve

Bugdens Copse and Meadow Nature Reserves

Dorset Council, Dorset Wildlife Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Kings Wood

National Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Trailway (Stourpaine)

Dorset Council
3

Wyke Down and Ackling Dyke

Souls Moor and Bere Stream Nature Reserve

Hibbitt Woods Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
2

Holes Bay

BCP Council, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Cole Wood

Forestry
4

Trailway (Fiddleford)

Dorset Council
2

Trailway (Shillingstone)

Dorset Council
2

Eight Acre Wood Local Nature Reserve

Dorset Council, Local Nature Reserve
2

Cashmoor Down

Open Access
3

Collyers Brook Nature Reserve

Dorset Wildlife Trust
2

Coneys Castle

National Trust
2

Osmington Mills

Open Access, Site of Scientific Interest
3

Abbotsbury

Open Access
3

Two Mile Copse

Woodland Trust
2

Holt Wood

Forestry, National Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Corfe Barrows Nature Park

Amphibian & Reptile Conservation, BCP Council, Dorset Wildlife Trust, Local Nature Reserve, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Athelhampton Gardens

Giant Hill

National Trust, Site of Scientific Interest
2

Sturminster Mill

Open Access
2
Species Habitats
Displaying 1 - 1 of 1
Habitat Reference Relationship
W1: Broad-leaf Woodland

Indicator

Species Records
Displaying 1 - 50 of 100
Site Notes Record Date Report Date

SSSI Notification

Abbotsbury Local
Ashley Wood Nature Reserve Plentiful
Ashmore Wood Common
Athelhampton Gardens Occasional
SSSI Notification
Badbury Rings Hill Fort Occasional
Ballard Down Along the hedgerows
Bestwall Marsh and Swineham Present
Bracketts Coppice Nature Reserve Present
Brooklands Farm Conservation Centre Present
Brownsea Island Occasional
Bugdens Copse and Meadow Nature Reserves Present
Cashmoor Down Frequent
Cole Wood Present
Collyers Brook Nature Reserve Frequent
Coneys Castle Occasional
Corfe Barrows Nature Park Frequent
Corfe Castle Common Present
Corfe Castle Mound and River Frequent
Deadmoor Common Present
Delph Wood Occasional
SSSI Notification
Duncliffe Wood Frequent
Durlston Country Park Present
Eight Acre Wood Local Nature Reserve Frequent
Fifehead Wood Nature Reserve Common
Fontmell Down Nature Reserve Widespread
Garston Wood Nature Reserve Frequent
Giant Hill Occasional
Girdlers Coppice Nature Reserve Frequent
Godlingston Heath National Nature Reserve Scarce
Greenhill Down Nature Reserve Present
Hambledon Hill National Nature Reserve SSSI Notification
SSSI Notification
Hatch Pond Local Nature Reserve Present
Haydon Hill Nature Reserve Present
Hendover Coppice Nature Reserve Frequent
Hibbitt Woods Nature Reserve Dominant standard tree
SSSI Notification
Higher Hyde Heath Nature Reserve Widespread
Hilfield Hill Nature Reserve Frequent
Hod Hill Local
Hog Cliff National Nature Reserve Present
Holes Bay Present
Holmebridge Present
Holt Wood Occasional
Holway Woods Nature Reserve Frequent
Kingcombe Meadows Nature Reserve Frequent
Kings Wood Frequent